Mom Psych

Mind and Brain


Cornell University: Brain Scan Can Decode Whom You Are Thinking About

Tetris Shown to Lessen PTSD and Flashbacks

The Biology of Forgetting

Scans Show Psychopaths Have Brain Abnormalities

How the Brain Routes Traffic for Maximum Alertness

Vitamin K2: New Hope for Parkinson's Patients?

Feeling Tired? 'Social Jetlag' Poses Obesity Health Hazard, Study Shows

IQ Tests



No Such Thing as a 'Universal' Intelligence Test


Cultural Differences Determine Results Country by Country

May 13, 2014—Researchers at the University of Granada have shown that a universal test of intelligence quotient (IQ) does not exist. Results in this type of test are determined by cultural differences.

Their objective was to study and explain cultural differences in IQ test performance. To do this, scientists from CIMCYC—the University of Granada's Brain Mind and Behavior Research Center—conducted a study of 54 individuals aged between 18 and 54 years: 27 were Spanish and the other 27 were Moroccans residing in Spain.

The groups were selected to ensure that clear cultural differences existed between them: they spoke different languages (Spanish versus Arabic), professed different religions (Christians versus Muslims), had different traditions, and came from very different geographical contexts (Europe versus Africa).

Both groups underwent different tests of intellectual capacity: for example, a test of non-verbal intelligence, and various neuropsychological tests that measure functions such as visual memory and executive functions.

The same test measures different cognitive functions

Although the two groups were similar in terms of sex, educational level and socio-economic status, the results showed that in the test of non-verbal intelligence, the Spanish group obtained a higher IQ score than the Moroccan group. Moreover, the neuropsychological skills used in each subtest were clearly dependent on the country of origin of each participant. In other words, the same test can measure different cognitive functions in individuals from different cultures.

In the light of the results of this study, the authors suggest that the non-verbal tests cannot be considered culture-free and confirm the importance of validating the tests in their cultural context.

In 2014, this study has been ranked in the top 10 of articles downloaded from Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology.


"Cultural Differences in Neuropsychological Abilities Required to Perform Intelligence Tasks," A. F. Fasfous, N. Hidalgo-Ruzzante, R. Vilar-Lopez, A. Catena-Martinez, M. Perez-Garcia.  Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 2013; 28 (8): 784 DOI: 10.1093/arclin/act074.


New Evidence Confirms IQ Is Not Static: Change is Linked to Brain Cortex Thickness




Press materials provided by the University of Granada.

Django Productions About Us |Privacy Policy |Submission Policy | Contact Us | ©2003 Mom Psych