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Researchers Identify Gene Linked to PTSD

The Compassionate Mind

Violence: An American Archetype

Alone: The Mental Health Effects of Solitary Confinement

People See Sexy Pictures of Women as Objects, Not People

Children in U.S. and U.K. Share Risk Factors for Behavior Problems

Kudzu May Curb Binge Drinking, New Study Suggests

The Pain of Social Rejection: As far as the brain is concerned, a broken heart may not be so different from a broken arm.

Foul-Mouthed Characters in Teen Books Have It All Trust

super parent pressures




'Super-Parent' Cultural Pressures Can Spur Mental Health Conditions in New Moms and Dads


SAN FRANCISCO; August 18, 2014—Mental health experts in the past three decades have emphasized the dangers of post-partum depression for mothers, but a University of Kansas researcher says expanding awareness of several other perinatal mental health conditions is important for all new parents, including fathers.

This awareness has become even more critical as “super mom” and “super dad” pressures continue to grow, said Carrie Wendel-Hummell, a KU doctoral candidate in sociology, who will present her study on perinatal mental health disorders at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association. Perinatal is a term that describes the several weeks before, during, and after birth.

“Both mothers and fathers need to pay attention to their mental health during the perinatal period, and they need to watch for these other types of conditions, not just depression,” she said. “Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, psychosis, and bi-polar disorder are all shaped by circumstances that surround having a baby.”
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Stuck in Neutral: Brain Defect Traps Schizophrenics in Twilight Zone

August 17, 2014—People with schizophrenia struggle to turn goals into actions because brain structures governing desire and emotion are less active and fail to pass goal-directed messages to cortical regions affecting human decision-making, new research reveals.
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Can Fiction Stories Make Us More Empathetic?

August 11, 2014—Empathy is important for navigating complex social situations, and is considered a highly desirable trait. Raymond Mar, a psychologist at York University in Canada, discussed how exposure to narrative fiction may improve our ability to understand what other people are thinking or feeling in his session at the American Psychological Association's 122nd Annual Convention.
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Trauma before Enlistment Linked to High Suicide Rates among Military Personnel, Veterans


Child abuse, sexual victimization, prior suicidal behavior significant risk factors

WASHINGTON, DC; August 9, 2014—High rates of suicide among military service members and veterans may be related to traumatic experiences they had before enlisting, making them more vulnerable to suicidal behavior when coping with combat and multiple deployments, according to the findings of several recent studies presented at the American Psychological Association's 122nd Annual Convention.
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Expecting to Teach Enhances Learning, Recall


Student mindset has big impact on learning, study finds

August 8, 2014—"When compared to learners expecting a test, learners expecting to teach recalled more material correctly, they organized their recall more effectively and they had better memory for especially important information," said lead author John Nestojko, PhD, a postdoctoral researcher in psychology in Arts & Sciences at the Washington University in St. Louis.
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Aggressive Behavior Increases Adolescent Drinking, Depression Doesn't

August 6, 2014—Adolescents who behave aggressively are more likely to drink alcohol and in larger quantities than their peers, according to a recent study completed in Finland. Depression and anxiety, on the other hand, were not linked to increased alcohol use. The study investigated the association between psychosocial problems and alcohol use among 4074 Finnish 13- to 18-year-old adolescents. The results were published in Journal of Adolescence.
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Girls Feel They Must 'Play Dumb' to Please Boys, Says Research

August 5, 2014—Girls feel the need to play down their intelligence to not intimidate boys, concludes research by a sociologist who spent three months amongst a class of school children.
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Our Brains Judge a Face's Trustworthiness—Even When We Can't See It

August 5, 2014—Our brains are able to judge the trustworthiness of a face even when we cannot consciously see it, a team of scientists has found. Their findings, which appear in the Journal of Neuroscience, shed new light on how we form snap judgments of others.
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Anorexia Fueled by Pride About Weight Loss

Rutgers study finds that positive emotions could play a role in the deadly disorder

August 4, 2014—Positive emotions—even those viewed through a distorted lens—may play an exacerbating role in fueling eating disorders like anorexia nervosa, which has a death rate 12 times higher for females between the ages of 15 and 24 than all other causes of death combined, according to a Rutgers study.
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A Blood Test for Suicide?


Alterations to a single gene could predict risk of suicide attempt

July 30, 2014—Johns Hopkins researchers say they have discovered a chemical alteration in a single human gene linked to stress reactions that, if confirmed in larger studies, could give doctors a simple blood test to reliably predict a person's risk of attempting suicide.
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The Social Origins of Intelligence in the Brain

CHAMPAIGN, IL; July 29, 2014—By studying the injuries and aptitudes of Vietnam War veterans who suffered penetrating head wounds during the war, scientists are tackling—and beginning to answer—longstanding questions about how the brain works.
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Children with Disabilities Benefit from Classroom Inclusion


Language skills improve when preschoolers with disabilities are included in classes with typical peers

COLUMBUS, OH; July 28, 2014—The secret to boosting the language skills of preschoolers with disabilities may be to put them in classrooms with typically developing peers, a new study finds.
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Experiences at Every Stage of Life Contribute to Cognitive Abilities in Old Age

July 24, 2014—Early life experiences, such as childhood socioeconomic status and literacy, may have greater influence on the risk of cognitive impairment late in life than such demographic characteristics as race and ethnicity, a large study by researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer’s Disease Center and the University of Victoria, Canada, has found.
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Early Warning Sign in Babies at Risk for Autism


Researchers at the University of Miami find that early joint attention predicts later autism symptoms

CORAL GABLES, Fla. (July 24, 2014)—Some babies are at risk for autism because they have an older sibling that has the disorder. To find new ways to detect Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) earlier in life, researchers are exploring the subtleties of babies' interactions with others and how they relate to the possibility and severity of future symptoms.
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Study Finds Greater Odds of Adverse Childhood Experiences in Those with Military Service

July 23, 2014—Men and women who have served in the military have a higher prevalence of adverse childhood events (ACEs), suggesting that enlistment may be a way to escape adversity for some.
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Extra Exercise Helps Depressed Smokers Kick the Habit Faster


New research shows quitting cigarettes is a more complicated struggle when mental health is a factor

July 22, 2014—People diagnosed with depression need to step out for a cigarette twice as often as smokers who are not dealing with a mood disorder. And those who have the hardest time shaking off the habit may have more mental health issues than they are actually aware of.
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Are State Medicaid Policies Sentencing People with Mental Illnesses to Prison?

July 22, 2014—Researchers from the USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics have linked tighter Medicaid policies governing antipsychotic drugs with increased incarceration rates for schizophrenic individuals.
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CEOs Who Motivate with 'Fightin' Words' Shoot Themselves in the Foot


Research shows violent rhetoric affects employee ethics

July 22, 2014—Heading into the war room to fire up the troops? Declaring war on the competition to boost sales? Well, CEO, you might want to tamp down them's fightin' words—you could be shooting yourself in the foot.
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Children as Young as Three Recognise 'Cuteness' in Faces of People and Animals

July 21, 2014—Children as young as three are able to recognise the same ‘cute’ infantile facial features in humans and animals which encourage caregiving behaviour in adults, new research has shown.
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Mom Was Wrong: You Should Talk to Strangers


New study finds commuters have a more positive experience when they connect with strangers

July 17, 2014—An interesting social paradox plays out every morning around the world as millions of people board commuter trains and buses: Human beings are one of the most social species on the planet, yet when in close proximity with one another—sitting inches away on a train—we routinely ignore each other.
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Eye Movements Reveal Difference between Love and Lust

July 17, 2014—Soul singer Betty Everett once proclaimed, “If you want to know if he loves you so, it’s in his kiss.” But a new study by University of Chicago researchers suggests the difference between true love and mere lust might be in the eyes after all.
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Researchers Find Impaired Self-Face Recognition in Those with Major Depressive Disorder

July 16, 2014—Neuropsychological impairment has long been established as a fundamental characteristic of depression, but a specific pattern of impairment that is widely recognized has not been summarized. However, new research has found self-serving bias and self-recognition bias to be impaired in individuals suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) compared with a control group. This research lays the groundwork for further study on the etiology and pathological mechanisms of major depressive disorder.
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Defects in Fatty Acid Transport Proteins Linked to Schizophrenia and Autism

July 15, 2014—Using diverse methodologies, neuroscientists from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute report that defects in Fatty Acid Binding Proteins (FABPs) may help to explain the pathology in some cases of schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders. After identifying mutations in FABPs from patients, the group led by Senior Team Leader Takeo Yoshikawa determined that the genetic disruption of Fabps in mice mimics disease behaviors seen in patients. This work suggests that disruption of FABPs could be a common link underlying some forms of these two prevalent mental disorders.
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Study: Young Women with Sexy Social Media Photos Seen as Less Competent

BEND, OR; July 14, 2014—Girls and young women who post sexy or revealing photos on social media sites such as Facebook are viewed by their female peers as less physically and socially attractive and less competent to perform tasks, a new study from Oregon State University indicates.
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Teaching the Brain to Reduce Pain

July 10, 2014—People can be conditioned to feel less pain when they hear a neutral sound, new research from the University of Luxembourg has found. This lends weight to the idea that we can learn to use mind-over-matter to beat pain.  The scientific article was published recently in the online journal PLOS One.
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New Research Examines Women Who Kill Their Children

July 10, 2014—Research by the University of Huddersfield’s Dr Helen Gavin will make an impact on psychiatrists, psychologists and other clinicians around the world who are trying to comprehend and reduce child-killing by women.
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Study Cracks How the Brain Processes Emotions

July 9, 2014—Although feelings are personal and subjective, the human brain turns them into a standard code that objectively represents emotions across different senses, situations and even people, reports a new study by Cornell University neuroscientist Adam Anderson.
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Why People with Bipolar Disorder Are Bigger Risk-Takers

July 9, 2014—Researchers at the Universities of Manchester and Liverpool have discovered that circuits in the brain involved in pursuing and relishing rewarding experiences are more strongly activated in people with bipolar disorder—guiding them towards riskier gambles and away from safer ones.
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Same Genes Drive Maths and Reading Ability

July 8, 2014—Around half of the genes that influence how well a child can read also play a role in their mathematics ability, say scientists from UCL, the University of Oxford and King's College London who led a study into the genetic basis of cognitive traits.
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Working Memory: Potential Key to Early Academic Achievement


New research digs for the roots of illiteracy

July 8, 2014—Working memory in children is linked strongly to reading and academic achievement, a new study from the University of Luxembourg and partner Universities from Brazil* has shown. Moreover, this finding holds true regardless of socio-economic status. This suggests that children with learning difficulties might benefit from teaching methods that prevent working memory overload. The study was published recently in the scientific journal Frontiers in Psychology.
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Smart and Socially Adept


Study by UCSB economist finds that individuals who demonstrate both qualities achieve greatest success in the workplace

July 7, 2014—Wanted: Highly skilled individual who is also a team player. In other words, someone who knows his or her stuff and also plays well with others. Two qualities are particularly essential for success in the workplace: book smarts and social adeptness. The folks who do well tend to demonstrate one or the other. However, according to research conducted by UC Santa Barbara economist Catherine Weinberger, the individuals who reach the highest rungs on the corporate ladder are smart and social. Her findings appear in a recent online issue of the Review of Economics and Statistics.
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Teen Dating Violence Cuts Both Ways: 1 in 6 Girls and Guys Are Aggressors, Victims or Both


ER-based study reinforces need for screening to get teens help

ANN ARBOR, MI; July 7, 2014—Dating during the teen years takes a violent turn for nearly 1 in 6 young people, a new study finds, with both genders reporting acts like punching, pulling hair, shoving, and throwing things.
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For a Holistic Approach to POW Trauma


Tel Aviv University researcher cautions against psychological 'tunnel vision'

July 7, 2014—In a new study conducted with Dr. Sharon Dekel of Harvard University's Department of Psychiatry and slated for publication in the Journal of Psychiatric Research, Prof. Solomon examines the co-morbid effects of war captivity and war trauma on prisoners of war. While symptoms of psychological illness are often pigeon-holed as specific individual disorders, Prof. Solomon argues against a narrow "tunnel vision" in treating POWs such as Bowe Bergdahl, who remains in rehabilitation after being held in captivity for five years by the Taliban.
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Antidepressant Drugs Do Not Improve Well-Being In Children And Adolescents

July 5, 2014—A study published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics analyzing the use of antidepressant drugs in children and adolescents questions the effect of antidepressant drugs on overall well-being.
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Researchers Find Genetic Link to Autism Known as CHD8 Mutation


Discovery affects half of 1 percent of autism patients but could lead way for more genetic testing

July 3, 2014—In a collaboration involving 13 institutions around the world, researchers have broken new ground in understanding what causes autism. The results are being published in Cellmagazine July 3, 2014: "Disruptive CHD8 Mutations Define a Subtype of Autism in Early Development."
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How You Cope with Stress May Increase Your Risk for Insomnia

DARIEN, IL; July 2, 2014—A new study is the first to identify specific coping behaviors through which stress exposure leads to the development of insomnia.
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Behavioral Therapy in Pediatric Antidepressant Treatment Reduces Likelihood of Relapse

DALLAS; July 2, 2014—Cognitive behavioral therapy in addition to medication improves the long-term success of treatment for children and adolescents suffering from depression, a new UT Southwestern Medical Center study indicates.
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Study Finds Online Bullying Creates Offline Fear at School

HUNTSVILLE, TX; July 1, 2014—Cyberbullying creates fear among students about being victimized at school, a recent study by Sam Houston State University found. While traditional bullying still creates the most fear among students, cyberbullying is a significant factor for fear of victimization at school among students who have experienced bullying or disorder at school, such as the presence of gangs. The fear from cyberbullying is most prominent in minority populations.
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Gestures That Speak


Gesticulating while speaking is not just a 'colorful' habit

June 23, 2014—Have you ever found yourself gesticulating—and felt a bit stupid for it—while talking on the phone? You're not alone: it happens very often that people accompany their speech with hand gestures, sometimes even when no one can see them. Why can't we keep still while speaking? "Because gestures and words very probably form a single 'communication system,' which ultimately serves to enhance expression intended as the ability to make oneself understood," explains Marina Nespor, a neuroscientist at the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) of Trieste. Nespor, together with Alan Langus, a SISSA research fellow, and Bahia Guellai from the Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défence, who conducted the investigation at SISSA, has just published a study in Frontiers in Psychology which demonstrates the role of gestures in speech "prosody."
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Kids with Strong Bonds to Parents Make Better Friends, Can Adapt in Relationships

Urbana, IL; June 19, 2014—What social skills does a three-year-old bring to interactions with a new peer partner? If he has strong bonds to his parents, the child is likely to be a positive, responsive playmate, and he'll be able to adapt to a difficult peer by asserting his needs, according to a new University of Illinois study published in Developmental Psychology.
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Childhood Maltreatment Associated with Cerebral Grey Matter Abnormalities


Abuse could lead to permanent brain damage

June 18, 2014—An international study has analysed the association between childhood maltreatment and the volume of cerebral grey matter, responsible for processing information. The results revealed a significant deficit in various late developing regions of the brain after abuse.
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Moral Tales with Positive Outcomes Motivate Kids to Be Honest

June 18, 2014—A moral story that praises a character's honesty is more effective at getting young children to tell the truth than a story that emphasizes the negative repercussions of lying, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
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MRI Technique May Help Prevent ADHD Misdiagnosis

Oak Brook, IL; June 17,2014—Brain iron levels offer a potential biomarker in the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and may help physicians and parents make better informed treatment decisions, according to new research published online in the journal Radiology.
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In Managing Boundaries Between Work and Home, Technology Can Be Both “Friend” and “Foe”


When it comes to managing boundaries between work and home life, technology is neither all good nor all bad, according to ongoing research from the University of Cincinnati.

June 16, 2014—When it comes to managing boundaries between work responsibilities and home life, technology is our “frenemy.” Mobile technology, in particular, can be alternately used to maintain, erase or manage home and work boundaries along a spectrum. 
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Anxious Children have Bigger “Fear Centers” in the Brain

Philadelphia, PA; June 16, 2014—The amygdala is a key "fear center" in the brain. Alterations in the development of the amygdala during childhood may have an important influence on the development of anxiety problems, reports a new study in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry.
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Emotional Contagion Sweeps Facebook, Finds New Study

Ithaca, NY; June 15, 2014—When it hasn't been your day—your week, your month, or even your year—it might be time to turn to Facebook friends for a little positive reinforcement. According to a new study by social scientists at Cornell University, the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), and Facebook, emotions can spread among users of online social networks.
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With Distance Comes Greater Wisdom, Research Finds

June 9, 2014—If you're faced with a troubling personal dilemma, such as a cheating spouse, you are more likely to think wisely about it if you consider it as an observer would, says a study led by a professor at the University of Waterloo.
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Argument with Dad? Find Friendly Ears to Talk It Out

June 06, 2014—With Father's Day approaching, San Francisco State University researchers have some advice for creating better harmony with dad. In a recent study, he found that when an adolescent is having an argument with their father and seeks out others for help, the response he or she receives is linked to well-being and father-child relationships.
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Multilingual or Not, Infants Learn Words Best When It Sounds like Home

June 4, 2014—Growing up in a multilingual home has many advantages, but many parents worry that exposure to multiple languages might delay language acquisition. New research could now lay some of these multilingual myths to rest, thanks to a revealing study that shows both monolingual and bilingual infants learn a new word best from someone with a language background that matches their own.
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Does Practice Make Perfect? Or Are Some People More Creative than Others? If so, Why?


Study finds brain integration correlates with greater creativity in product-development engineers

June 4, 2014—Creativity may depend on greater brain integration, according to a new study published in Creativity Research Journal.
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Study Finds That Suicides Are Far More Likely to Occur after Midnight

Darien, IL; June 2, 2014—A new study provides novel evidence suggesting that suicides are far more likely to occur between midnight and 4 a.m. than during the daytime or evening.
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Minority Entrepreneurs Face Discrimination When Seeking Loans


Minority small-business owners face more questions, get less help than white counterparts

May 29, 2014—A disheartening new study from researchers at Utah State University, BYU and Rutgers University reveals that discrimination is still tainting the American Dream for minorities.
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Negative Social Interactions Increase Hypertension Risk in Older Adults


Women more affected by negative social interactions than men

PITTSBURGH, PA; May 28, 2014—Keeping your friends close and your enemies closer may not be the best advice if you are 50 or older.
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Personal Judgments Are Swayed by Group Opinion, but Only Temporarily

May 23, 2014—We all want to feel like we’re free-thinking individuals, but there’s nothing like the power of social pressure to sway an opinion. New research suggests that people do change their own personal judgments so that they fall in line with the group norm, but the change only seems to last about 3 days. The research is published inPsychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
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Maternal Depression Peaks at Four Years Postpartum

May 21, 2014—Maternal depression is more common at four years following childbirth than at any other time in the first 12 months after childbirth, and there needs to be a greater focus on maternal mental health, suggests a new study published today (21 May) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
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Program to Reduce Behavior Problems Boosts Math, Reading, Study Shows

May 20, 2014—A program aimed at reducing behavior problems in order to boost academic achievement has improved performance in math and reading among low-income kindergartners and first graders, according to a study by researchers at New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
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PTSD Symptoms Common After an ICU Stay

SAN DIEGO; May 19, 2014—Patients who have survived a stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) have a greatly increased risk of developing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a new study presented at the 2014 American Thoracic Society International Conference.
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Favoritism, Not Hostility, Causes Most Discrimination, Says Research Review

May 19, 2014—Most discrimination in the U.S. is not caused by intention to harm people different from us, but by ordinary favoritism directed at helping people similar to us, according to a review published online in American Psychologist.
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Children Who Exercise Have Better Body-Fat Distribution, Regardless of Their Weight

URBANA, IL; May 19, 2014—Maybe the numbers on the scale aren’t alarming, but that doesn’t mean that healthy-weight children get a pass on exercising, according to a new University of Illinois study published in Pediatrics.
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Mothers’ Symptoms of Depression Predict How They Respond to Child Behavior

Study Reveals 10 Percent of 16-Year-Olds Surveyed Have Considered Self-Harm

May 16, 2014—One in ten 16-year-olds surveyed in a new study by Queen's University and the University of Ulster have considered self-harm or taking an overdose.
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May 15, 2014—Depressive symptoms seem to focus mothers’ responses on minimizing their own distress, which may come at the expense of focusing on the impact their responses have on their children, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
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Victims Want to Change, Not Just Punish, Offenders

May 14, 2014—Revenge is a dish best served with a side of change. A series of experiments conducted by researchers affiliated with Princeton University has found that punishment is only satisfying to victims if the offenders change their attitude as a result of the punishment.
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Get It Over With: People Choose More Difficult Tasks to Get Jobs Done More Quickly

May 13, 2014—Putting off tasks until later, or procrastination, is a common phenomenon—but new research suggests that “pre-crastination,” hurrying to complete a task as soon as possible, may also be common.
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Researchers Identify Genetic Marker Linked to OCD


Finding likely to advance research in little-understood disorder

May 13, 2014—A group of researchers led by Johns Hopkins scientists say they have identified a genetic marker that may be associated with the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), whose causes and mechanisms are among the least understood among mental illnesses.
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Preschool Teacher Depression Linked to Behavioral Problems in Children


Study suggests unhealthy classroom climate is contributing factor

May 13, 2014—Depression in preschool teachers is associated with behavioral problems ranging from aggression to sadness in children under the teachers’ care, new research suggests.
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Distance Influences Accuracy of Eyewitness Identification


First study to use controlled outside setting and actual people to test eyewitness accuracy across a variety of distances

May 13, 2014—Eyewitness accuracy declines steadily and quite measuredly as the distance increases. Additionally, a good deal of guess work or so-called "false alarms" also comes into play as the distance increases. These findings have implications for the trustworthiness of eyewitness accounts that are used to solve criminal cases. Research led by James Lampinen of the University of Arkansas in the US and published in Springer's journal Psychonomic Bulletin & Review sheds light on the matter.
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No Such Thing as a 'Universal' Intelligence Test


Cultural Differences Determine Results Country by Country

May 13, 2014—Researchers at the University of Granada have shown that a universal test of intelligence quotient (IQ) does not exist. Results in this type of test are determined by cultural differences.
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Bullying May Have Long-Term Health Consequences

May 12, 2014—Bullied children may experience chronic, systemic inflammation that persists into adulthood, while bullies may actually reap health benefits of increasing their social status through bullying, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
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Having a Sense of Purpose May Add Years to Your Life

May 12, 2014—Feeling that you have a sense of purpose in life may help you live longer, no matter what your age, according toresearch published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
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Video Stories, Other Bonding Exercises Could Help Foster Families Connect

May 12, 2014—Teenagers and their foster families often say they don't feel connected and have trouble communicating, but few resources exist that nurture their bonding. In a research paper being published in the June issue of Children and Youth Services Review, researchers affiliated with the University of Washington's School of Social Work describe how they tailored a parenting program known to improve communication in non-foster families for use in foster families.
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Autism-Related Protein Shown to Play Vital Role in Addiction


May have major implications for understanding and implementation of drug-addiction treatment

BELMONT; May 9, 2014—In a paper published in the latest issue of the neuroscience journal Neuron, McLean Hospital investigators report that a gene essential for normal brain development, and previously linked to Autism Spectrum Disorders, also plays a critical role in addiction-related behaviors.
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Love Makes You Strong: Romantic Relationships Help Neurotic People Stabilize Their Personality

May 9, 2014—It's springtime and they are everywhere: Newly enamored couples walking through the city hand in hand, floating on cloud nine. Yet a few weeks later the initial rush of romance will have dissolved and the world will not appear as rosy anymore. Nevertheless, love and romance have long lasting effects.
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When Newlyweds Believe in Sharing Household Chores, Follow-through Is Everything

URBANA, IL; May 7, 2014—Of all the starry-eyed just-married couples you know, which are likely to stay the happiest? A University of Illinois study says chances for bliss are highest when husband and wife both believe in divvying up the household labor equally. But that happiness won't last long if one partner is perceived as not carrying their fair share of the load.
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Study Finds ADHD and Trauma Often Go Hand in Hand


Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder experienced more adversities than those without ADHD

VANCOUVER, BC; May 6, 2014—When children struggle with focusing on tasks, staying organized, controlling their behavior and sitting still, they may be evaluated for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Clinicians, however, shouldn't stop there, according to a study to be presented Tuesday, May 6, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
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Domestic Violence Victims More Likely to Take up Smoking


Women who experienced physical or sexual violence perpetrated by their partner were 58 percent more likely to be smokers

May 5, 2014—One third of women around the world have experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their intimate partners with consequences from post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression, to sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. Now, in a new study in 29 low-income and middle-income countries, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have identified yet another serious health risk associated with intimate partner violence (IPV): smoking.
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Stigma: At the Root of Ostracism and Bullying


Experts in bullying and children's mental health gather at the Pediatric Academic Societies meeting to describe new research and what it means for children's mental health

VANCOUVER, BC; May 5, 2014—Increasing evidence shows that stigma—whether due to a child's weight, sexual orientation, race, income or other attribute—is at the root of bullying, and that it can cause considerable harm to a child's mental health.
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Study Finds Family-Based Exposure Therapy Effective Treatment for Young Children with OCD


Children 5 to 8 years old with emerging OCD can benefit from therapies used for older children

PROVIDENCE, RI; May 5, 2014—A new study from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center has found that family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is beneficial to young children between the ages of five and eight with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The study, now published online in JAMA Psychiatry, found developmentally sensitive family-based CBT that included exposure/response prevention (EX/RP) was more effective in reducing OCD symptoms and functional impairment in this age group than a similarly structured relaxation program.
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Discrimination Associated with Mental Health Woes in Black Teens


Researchers find racism a common 'toxic stressor' among African-American, Afro-Caribbean youth

VANCOUVER, BC; May 3, 2014—The vast majority of African-American and Afro-Caribbean youth face racial discrimination, and these experiences are associated with an increased risk of mental health problems, according to a study to be presented Saturday, May 3, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
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Nightmares May Signal a Child Is Being Bullied


Study finds victims of bullying are at increased risk of experiencing sleep disturbances

VANCOUVER, BC; May 3, 2014—Many children who are bullied suffer in silence. The trauma can lead to anxiety, depression, psychotic episodes and even suicide.
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Out of Shape? Your Memory May Suffer

May 2, 2014—Here’s another reason to drop that doughnut and hit the treadmill: A new study suggests aerobic fitness affects long-term memory.
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Catastrophic Thoughts about the Future Linked to Suicidal Patients

April 28, 2014—Suicide has been on the increase recently in the United States, currently accounting for almost 40,000 deaths a year. A new study indicates that one important strategy for reducing suicide attempts would be to focus on correcting the distorted, catastrophic thoughts about the future that are held by many who try to kill themselves. Such thoughts are unique and characteristic to those who attempt suicide, says Shari Jager-Hyman of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine in the US.
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Paying Closer Attention to Attention


Attention problems may be overreported in children with fetal alcohol syndrome disorder

April 24, 2014—Ellen’s (not her real name) adoptive parents weren’t surprised when the school counselor suggested that she might have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Several professionals had made this suggestion over the years. Given that homework led to one explosion after another, and that at school Ellen, who is eleven, spent her days jiggling up and down in her seat, unable to concentrate for more than ten minutes, it seemed a reasonable assumption. Yet her parents always felt that ADHD didn't quite capture the extent of Ellen's issues over the years. 
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Altruistic Adolescents Less Likely to Become Depressed

CHAMPAIGN, IL; April 24, 2014—It is better to give than to receive—at least if you're an adolescent and you enjoy giving, a new study suggests.
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Biting into Whole Foods Can Make Children Rowdy

April 23, 2014—There's a new secret to get your child to behave at the dinner table—cut up their food and they'll relax.
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Do Scare Tactics Motivate?


Not so much, say researchers. Teachers' scare tactics lead to lower exam scores than focusing on the benefits of success.

WASHINGTON, DC; April 21, 2014—As the school year winds down and final exams loom, teachers may want to avoid reminding students of the bad consequences of failing a test because doing so could lead to lower scores, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association (APA).
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New Study Suggests A Better Way to Deal with Bad Memories


Research uncovers a simple and effective emotion-regulation strategy that has neurologically and behaviorally been proven to lessen the emotional impact of personal negative memories.

April 18, 2014—What’s one of your worst memories? How did it make you feel? According to psychologists, remembering the emotions felt during a negative personal experience, such as how sad you were or how embarrassed you felt, can lead to emotional distress, especially when you can’t stop thinking about it. 
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Scientists Discover Brain's Anti-Distraction System

April 17, 2014—Two Simon Fraser University psychologists have made a brain-related discovery that could revolutionize doctors’ perception and treatment of attention-deficit disorders.
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'Brain Training' May Overcome Tics in Tourette Syndrome, Study Finds

April 17, 2014—Children with Tourette Syndrome (TS) may unconsciously train their brain to more effectively control their tics, finds new research from the University of Nottingham.
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Loud Talking and Horseplay in Car Results in More Serious Incidents for Teen Drivers

April 17, 2014—Adolescent drivers are often distracted by technology while they are driving, but loud conversations and horseplay between passengers appear more likely to result in a dangerous incident, according to a new study from the UNC Highway Safety Research Center.
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